Research Areas

Highlight:
Convective Systems

More than a thousand thunderstorms rage across Earth's surface at any moment. These are convective systems—they form when relatively warm, moist air near the ground rises through cooler air aloft, like water boiling in a teakettle.

  • Research Areas
  • Atmospheric Turbulence

    Our applied turbulence research ativities are focussed on providing improved turbulence detection and forecasting products to the operational aviation and meteorological communities.
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  • Convective Weather

    Short-term time and space specific forecasts of thunderstorms provide valuable information for a wide range of users, including the aviation community, ground transportation, urban emergency and water resources management groups, recreation facilities, construction industries, and the military, to safely and efficiently deploy resources.
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  • Snowfall and Freezing Precipitation

    Our scientists are conducting research related to the formation and prediction of snow and freezing drizzle in support of improved methods of detecting and forecasting these conditions at airports.
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  • Icing and Related Cloud Physics

    Our in–flight icing research provides interesting and challenging studies in cloud physics, remote sensing, and mesoscale meteorology.
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  • Remote Sensing

    Recent activities have focused on rainfall estimation and the development of procedures for retrieving the DSD with the "constrained–gamma" model using measurements of radar.
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  • Precipitation Physics

    We seek to firmly establish the physical chain of events in precipitation development so that perturbations, both intentional and inadvertent, can be understood and quantified.
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  • Oceanic Weather

    Our Oceanic Weather program focuses applied research and product development on the international need for better forecasts of weather-related aviation hazards in data-sparse oceanic regions.
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  • Land-Surface Atmosphere Interactions

    Our objectives are to understand, through theoretical and observational studies, the complex interactions (including biophysical, hydrological, and biogeochemical interactions) between the land-surface and the atmosphere at micro- and meso-scales.
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  • Ceiling and Visibility

    The most critical impact of adverse C&V is on the general aviation (GA) pilot, particularly during in–route flight where unexpected encounters with reduced ceiling and visibility conditions are most likely.
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  • Numerical Weather Prediction

    We develop, test, and implement operational forecasting systems for new areas of the world. This entails better understanding local dynamical processes through the use of special data.
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  • Surface Hydrology

    Water resource activities are focused in the following areas: surface hydrology for urban flash flood autonowcasting; hydrologic and water resource assessment of rainfall enhancement.
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  • Verification

    Verification is an integral part of the research and product development cycle at RAL. The forecast evaluation process provides many types of information including objective model comparisons...
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  • Wind Energy Prediction

    Developing and applying several weather model and statistical processing technologies to improve the prediction of wind for the wind energy industry.
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  • Wildland Fire Behavior Modeling

    Developing a real-time capability that can be used to plan and respond to fires.

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  • Pavement Condition Modeling & Winter Road Maintenance Decision Support

    Controlling snow and ice buildup on roadways during winter weather events presents several challenges for winter maintenance personnel.
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  • Soil Condition Analysis & Prediction

    More precise prediction of weather and soil condition and more efficient and profitable agricultural operations.
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  • Statistical Optimization in Weather Prediction

    Development of intelligent weather prediction systems that blend data from numerical weather prediction models, statistics datasets, real–time observations, and human intelligence to optimize forecasts at user–defined locations.
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  • Integration of Social Science & Atmospheric Research

    Enhance personal safety, reduce property damage, and increase economic efficiency, saving multiple lives and millions of dollars each year.
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